Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo | Windows Update

Let’s have a quick look at the Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log and some notes about MigNeo setup options from the real world. As per my testing with real-world devices and WVD VMs, I have noticed two things:

  • Took NEO path ➡ The physical machines took the NEO path and hence skipped the Safe OS phase -> ~25 minutes of OFFLINE time.
    • Log Entry – SKIPBOOTTRACK(SAFEOS): Skip Boot Validator: Will proceed with SafeOS boot removal.
  • Skipped Neo Path ➡ The setup uses the internet to connect to one setting and finds whether Neo path can be taken for Azure VMs used for WVD or not –> Azure VM didn’t take NEO path and have around ~50 minutes of OFFLINE time.
    • MOUPG SetupHost: OneSettings Initialized -> [Yes]
    • MOUPG OneSettings: Found [MIGNEOENABLED] -> [False]

I’m not aware of any Windows update for business(WUfB) policy configuration switches to enable/disable MigNeo. I thought enabling MigNeo (MigNeo /Enable switch) might help to speed-up Windows 10 in-place upgrade for WVD VMs.

NOTE! – NEO stands for Non-event Objective, a multi-release effort to reduce feature update offline time, including a single reboot for most users. This option is available in Windows 10, version 1803 and later.

I don’t think the below sequence of phases are followed in Windows Update for Business(WUfB) Windows 10 upgrade process. I have had seen only one reboot for WVD VMs.

Patch My PC
Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo
Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo – Phases of a successful Windows 10 upgrade – Pic taken Microsoft Docs

Getting Things Ready

Getting Things Ready phase is the first step towards Windows 10 upgrade.

  • Windows 10 devices are configured with Windows Update for Business policies.
  • Devices scan against Windows Update cloud services.
  • Windows Update cloud services start delivering Windows 10 updates configurations and the content.
Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo
Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo

Download

This is the download phase where users can work on Windows 10 devices. In this phase, the software update agent downloads the Windows 10 2004 content from the Software Update cloud service.

Installing

Once the Windows 10 2004 content is downloaded, the Software Update agent starts the installation process. Users can normally work during the installation phase.

1E Nomad

NOTE! – I have seen some performance hit during the installation phase.

Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo
Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo

Windows 10 Update Restart Prompt

This is the phase where users get prompted to restart the device to complete the Windows 10 in-place upgrade process.

Once you restart the device, the rest of the upgrade of Windows 10 happens offline.

Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo
Windows 10 In-Place Upgrade Process via Setupact.log | Enable MigNeo

Setupact.log Process Flow

Now, you need to look into the Panther logs. There are two log files named Setupact.log and Setuperr.log from the following path C:\$Windows.~BT\Sources\Panther.

  • Setupact.log
  • Setuperr.log

========================Setup Host=========================

  • 2021-01-25 15:09:24, Error                 CONX   Windows::Compat::Shared::UtcLogger::End (281):   Error starting service: [0x80070422].[gle=0x80070422]
  • 2021-01-25 15:09:24, Info                  MOUPG  **************** SetupHost Logging End ****************
  • 2021-01-25 15:46:40, Info                  MOUPG  *************** SetupHost Logging Begin ***************
  • 2021-01-25 15:46:40, Info                  MOUPG  SetupHost::Initialize

======================ESD File Location=============================

  • 2021-01-25 15:46:42, Info                  MOUPG  SetupManager: ActionList InstallFile Path [C:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\professional_en-us.esd]

=======================Action List============================

  • 2021-01-25 15:46:42, Info                  MOUPG  SetupManager: Setting latent acquisiton ActionList path: [C:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\ActionList.xml]

=======================Adding Drivers===========================

  • 2021-01-25 15:47:15, Info                  MIG    BuildDriverFilesList: adding c:\windows\inf\acpi.inf

==================Loading replacement manifest data=======================

  • 2021-01-25 15:47:18, Info                  MIG    Loading replacement manifest data for Microsoft-ActiveDirectory-WebServices

=======================Environment Variables========================

  • 2021-01-25 15:50:58, Info       [0x0803a0] MIG    Dumping SYSTEM environment
  • 2021-01-25 15:50:58, Info       [0x08024c] MIG        %ALLUSERSAPPDATA% <-> C:\ProgramData
  • 2021-01-25 15:50:58, Info       [0x08024c] MIG        %ALLUSERSPROFILE% <-> C:\ProgramData
  • 2021-01-25 15:50:58, Info       [0x08024c] MIG        %COMMONPROGRAMFILES% <-> C:\Program Files\Common Files
  • 2021-01-25 15:50:58, Info       [0x08024c] MIG        %COMMONPROGRAMFILES(X86)% <-> C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files
  • 2021-01-25 15:50:58, Info       [0x08024c] MIG        %COMPUTERNAME% <-> V-UKGOS017-0

========================Setup Logging End========================

  • 2021-01-25 15:51:34, Info                  MOUPG  **************** SetupHost Logging End ****************

====================Execution Phase===========================

  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Executing phase [Safe OS]
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                         Initializing diagnostics helper; data file = F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\Sources\Diagnostics\diagnostics.dat

========================Different Phases======================

  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Downlevel
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre-Finalize
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Finalize
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Safe OS
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre First Boot
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre SysPrep
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Post SysPrep
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Post First Boot
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre OOBE Boot
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Post OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: Post OOBE Boot
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Phase: End
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     DISKSPACEQUERY: Calculating disk space needed:
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Boot WinPE
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Prepare SafeOS for rollback
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set SafeOS boot entry as the default boot entry
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:13, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Enable Page File in SafeOS
  • 2021-01-25 15:52:14, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Apply WIM file PathForNewOSFile, index 3 to F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS
  • 2021-01-25 16:13:43, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Complete new OS apply
  • 2021-01-25 16:13:43, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Apply EAs for F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS
  • 2021-01-25 16:13:43, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Enable telemetry for F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS
  • 2021-01-25 16:13:45, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Windows10.0-KB4598481-x64.cab
  • 2021-01-25 16:14:31, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Apply Optional Component status
  • 2021-01-25 16:14:49, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Apply Drivers
  • 2021-01-25 16:14:53, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Prepare the recovery image
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:00, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Create file F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\ClipSVC\GenuineTicket\GenuineTicket.xml on the new system
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:00, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Create file F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS\Windows\Setup\LatentAcquisition\ActionList.xml on the new system
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:00, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set boot command %SYSTEMDRIVE%\$WINDOWS.~BT\Sources\SetupPlatform.exe /postoobe for phase DismPostOobe
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:02, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set boot command %SYSTEMDRIVE%\$WINDOWS.~BT\Sources\SetupPlatform.exe /presysprep for phase DismPreSysprep
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:04, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set boot command %SYSTEMDRIVE%\$WINDOWS.~BT\Sources\SetupPlatform.exe /postsysprep for phase DismPostSysprep
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:06, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set boot command %SYSTEMDRIVE%\$WINDOWS.~BT\Sources\SetupPlatform.exe /preoobe for phase DismPreOobe
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:07, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set boot command %SYSTEMDRIVE%\$WINDOWS.~BT\Sources\SetupPlatform.exe /onerror for phase DismOnError
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:09, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set entropy for F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS
  • 2021-01-25 16:17:09, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-Client-LanguagePack-Package_en-gb~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~en-gb~.esd
  • 2021-01-25 16:19:36, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\amd64_Microsoft-Windows-LanguageFeatures-Basic-en-gb-Package~~amd64~~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:19:42, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [3] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-PowerShell-ISE-FOD-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:19:47, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [3] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-MSPaint-FoD-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:19:51, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [3] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-Notepad-FoD-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:19:56, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\amd64_Microsoft-Windows-LanguageFeatures-OCR-en-gb-Package~~amd64~~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:20:01, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [3] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-StepsRecorder-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:20:06, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-Printing-WFS-FoD-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:20:10, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [3] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-WordPad-FoD-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:20:15, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Microsoft-Windows-Printing-PMCPPC-FoD-Package~~amd64~en-US~10.0.19041.1
  • 2021-01-25 16:20:19, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add [1] package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\Windows10.0-KB4598242-x64.cab
  • 2021-01-25 16:47:03, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Complete servicing operations

NOTE! – The KB article installation took most of the time in this example. But, in a normal scenario, these KBs should already be installed before Windows 10 in-place upgrade. There will be improvements on Windows 10 updates whenever the device can take any NEO path and hence skipped the Safe OS phase.

  • 2021-01-25 16:47:04, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Migrate framework (Full)
  • 2021-01-25 16:48:17, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Set product key
  • 2021-01-25 16:48:22, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Run sysprep specialization offline on F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS
  • 2021-01-25 16:48:29, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add Appx package F:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\4eea2720b7c97f1951f7f50d8bc94544\LanguageExperiencePack.en-gb.Neutral.appx
  • 2021-01-25 16:48:52, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Offline portion of first and oobe boot apply operations
  • 2021-01-25 16:52:12, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Add boot entry for F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS\WINDOWS. Locale = en-US
  • 2021-01-25 16:52:12, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Prepare the new OS for first boot
  • 2021-01-25 16:52:13, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Ensure suspended services are stopped
  • 2021-01-25 16:56:53, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Create registry key HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\i8042prt\Parameters (value name: PollingIterations) on the new system
  • 2021-01-25 16:56:53, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Create registry key HKLM\System\Setup\Upgrade (value name: DownlevelBuildNumber) on the new system
  • 2021-01-25 16:56:53, Info                  SP     Executing operation: OOBE boot apply
  • 2021-01-25 17:03:42, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Refresh localized strings
  • 2021-01-25 17:03:44, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Execute provisioning migration
  • 2021-01-25 17:03:48, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Gather end install, scope: EVERYTHING
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:06, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Start suspended services
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:11, Info                  SP     ExecuteOperations: Successfully processed execution phase Pre OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     OPERATIONTRACK ExecuteOperations: Start execution phase Post OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     ExecuteOperations: Successfully processed execution phase Post OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     OPERATIONTRACK ExecuteOperations: Start execution phase Post OOBE Boot
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     ExecuteOperations: Successfully processed execution phase Post OOBE Boot
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     OPERATIONTRACK ExecuteOperations: Start execution phase End
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     ExecuteOperations: Successfully processed execution phase End
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre-Finalize
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Finalize
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Safe OS
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre First Boot
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre SysPrep
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Post SysPre
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Post First Boot
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre OOBE Boot
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Pre OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Post OOBE
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: Post OOBE Boot
  • 2021-01-25 17:04:35, Info                  SP     Phase: End
  • 2021-01-25 17:07:40, Info                  CBS    Trusted Installer is shutting down because: SHUTDOWN_REASON_AUTOSTOP

================== Started Applying image=============================

  • 2021-01-25 15:52:49, Info                  SP     SPWIMCallback: Image apply. Progress: 0
  • 2021-01-25 16:13:42, Info                  SP     SPWIMCallback: Image apply. Progress: 100
  • 2021-01-25 16:13:43, Info                  SP     Executing operation: Complete new OS apply

===================Complete New OS Apply================

  • 2021-01-25 16:13:43, Info                  SP      41|Complete new OS apply

======================DPX Phase======================

  • 2021-01-25 16:20:34, Info                  DPX    Started DPX phase: Resume and Download Job
  • 2021-01-25 16:26:13, Info                  DPX    Ended DPX phase: Apply Deltas Provided In File
  • 2021-01-25 16:49:16, Warning                      Mig::CUpgradeTransportStreamProxy::CreateFolder: Error while setting short name MICROS~1 for \\?\F:\$WINDOWS.~BT\NewOS\Program Files\Microsoft Update Health Tools. Error: 0xC0000035

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